Initially, Schiaparelli will be wytracać speed using the aerodynamic protective heat. At an altitude of 11 km, at a speed of 1650 km/h, it opens the parachute, which should reduce speed to 250 km/h. Later, the device rejects the front cover and include a Doppler radar altimeter and a speed meter to determine its position and velocity relative to Mars.
At an altitude of about 1 km, where the deviation of the rear heat shield and parachute, will be launched with three engines on liquid fuel, to reduce the speed to less than 7 km/h At a height of 2 meters above the surface the motors are disabled and the device will fall to the Martian soil. The drop has a lock from a special structure at the bottom of the lander. The whole procedure from entry to arrival is less than six minutes. the
Apparatus Schiaparelli EDM (full name is the Entry, Descent and Landing Demonstrator Module) has the task to land safely on the planet’s surface and test a number of technologies which in the future can be used in manned missions. Performs, in addition, several meteorological measurements. Is to perform wind speed, humidity, pressure and temperature on Mars, as well as to obtain the first measurements of the electric field on its surface. These data may help to explain how there are Martian dust storms.
still on Mars was sent 13 lądowników and skaters from Russia, the Us and the UK. Some of these devices, faced the planet’s surface, or linkage is broken. However, many of them worked properly and transmitting data. Currently, two machines of this type continue to provide information about Mars is the American Opportunity and Curiosity.His mission on Mars will last for several days, to make full use of energy stored in onboard batteries.
In the framework of the ExoMars used items located in Poland. On Board the lander Schiaparelli has installed infrared sensors manufactured by Vigo System SA of kraków. These detectors ESA used to create radiometrów in a system designed to monitor the outer shell of the lifeboat.
In the Space Research Centre PAN, Warsaw was designed and built power supply for cameras Cassis. The batteries mounted it on behalf of the Institute of the Polish company Creotech Instruments SA.
the Camera has to run color photos of the Martian surface in high resolution. With its help, will be photographed rocks included scientists with the contents of trace quantities of gases. the
From the hour 13 we can watch the landing here: ESA Social TV stream