the Rosetta Probe of the European Space Agency (ESA) began on Thursday evening last phase of its 12-year mission – suicidal flight to comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, on which the surface will break. Scientists want to get new data.
/S CAREAU /PAP/EPA
Probe, which was launched in March 2004 towards the comet crossed the mark of 6 billion km, collecting a vast amount of information about other kometach and space objects. For the past 26 months spent circling around the comet 67P and, releasing the lander Philae in November 2014. settled on its surface.
ESA confirmed on Thursday evening that Rosetta started “maneuver collision with a comet and crashed on its surface, Friday at 12.40 hours (Moscow time). The drop occurs with a relatively low speed relative to the comet but the probe will be destroyed.
/Daniel Reinhardt /PAP/EPA
we Want to complete the mission, with a fully serviceable probe. The cancellation may not be considered. We finished it in an impressive way, ” said one of the project scientists Matt Taylor.
When approaching the comet instruments of the probe will transmit images and data on the structure and properties of this object. Scientists are particularly interested in the side surface of the comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko and large depressions on its surface. They want to know the process of formation of comets and the process of emission of gas and dust as they are heated while approaching the Sun.
it is believed that comets consist of material obtained during the formation of the planets of the Solar System and can provide you valuable information about this process.
the decision on the completion of the mission was taken because comet 67P moves toward the edge of the Solar System in the near future, the solar powered Rosetta otrzymywałaby not have sufficient energy to function.