The Dutch have an average of 183 cm tall, and Latvians – 170 cm, which puts them in the first place a list of the highest in the world.
The second place behind the Dutch among the highest men were Belgians, followed by Estonians, Latvians and Danes. In turn, The Dutch are the second highest in the world women immediately after they are Estonian women, Czechs and Serbki.
Men with Polish in this classification 34th place, and the Poles – at 33. The Poles have an average of 177 cm growth, and Poles – 164 cm.
on the other hand the lowest men on earth live in East Timor (they have an average of 160 cm), and women – in Guatemala (150 cm).
the report shows that in the years 1914-2014 the most grew up men from Iran (average 16 cm) and women from South Korea (20 cm). One hundred years ago, Poles were in the ranking on 71. place, a Pole – to 121.
Portal BBC stresses that since the beginning of the twentieth century, most grew up in general the people of East Asia and Southern Europe.
– the other hand, the smallest increase was recorded among the inhabitants of South Asia – eg. the Indians, Pakistanis or Bangladeshis – and Sub-Saharan Africa. In these regions, people grew up about 1-6 cm – explained study co-author James Bentham, from Imperial College London.
In some countries, eg. In Uganda or Sierra Leone, people are even a few centimeters shorter than a century ago – notes the BBC.
as he said in an interview with BBC Majid Ezzati, also working on research scientist at the London university, for the growth of “about one-third of the responsible genes, but it does not explain the changes over the years. “
– genes do not change so quickly and do not differ so much depending on the location. So changes over the years, and geographical differences are largely dependent on environmental factors – he added.
In his opinion, the key factors affecting growth are standards in health care, sanitation and nutrition. Also important is the health of the mother and her diet during pregnancy.
The report is employed approx. 800 scientists. It was developed by “eLife” in co-operation with the NCD Risk Factor Collaboration – a group of researchers associated with the World Health Organization (WHO).
At the beginning of 2016 years, scientists from the UK were given permission for it to be able to genetically modify human embryos for the first time in history: